3rd Grenadier Guards – Timeline and Summary
I have attempted to give a month by month summary of where the battalion was (approximately), major actions they fought in and time in the front and support lines.
|Date||Place||Summary||Front Line||Support Line|
|27 Jul 1915||LE HAVRE||Battalion Lands in France.|
|Sep 1915||LOOS?||War Diary is missing.
Battle of Loos – Attacks on 27th & 28th
|Oct 1915||LOOS||In trenches opposite Hohenzollern Redoubt & Big Willie
8th – German Counter-attack
|Nov 1915||NEUVE CHAPELLE, PETILLON||Resting and in trenches north of NEUVE CHAPELLE and PETILLON.||6||6|
|Dec 1915||LAVENTIE||In trenches near LAVENTIE||10||10|
|Jan 1916||LAVENTIE||In trenches near LAVENTIE||9||9|
|Feb 1916||RIEL BAILLEUL||In trenches near RIEL BAILLEUL||3||4|
|March 1916||YPRES, CALAIS||Training and in trenches near YPRES||2||3|
|April 1916||YPRES||In trenches near YPRES. Issued with Steel Helmets.||14||5|
|May 1916||YPRES||In trenches near YPRES||10|
|Jun 1916||YPRES||Training and in trenches near YPRES||3||6|
|Jul 1916||YPRES||In trenches near YPRES||9||7|
|Aug 1916||SOMME||Training and trench improving (CT’s) on SOMME sector. In trenches near Beaumont Hamel. Marched to MORLANCOURT.||2|
|Sep 1916||MORLANCOURT, GINCHY, LES BOEUFS||15th Sep – Battle of Flers-Courcelette (a phase of the Battle of the Somme 1916)
413 Battalion casualties listed in the war diary (a large proportion were MIA), the largest single day losses of the war (for this unit). The Commanding Officer and Lt. Asquith, son of the Prime Minister were killed in this battle.
|Nov 1916||SOMME area||Training and road repairs.|
|Dec 1916||ALBERT||In trenches near ALBERT (Somme area)||16|
|Jan 1917||ALBERT||In trenches near ALBERT (Somme area). Box Respirators issued.||9|
|Feb 1917||ALBERT||Training and general fatigues. In the trenches near COMBLES.||2|
|Mar 1917||ALBERT||In trenches near ALBERT. War diary 11 -31 March is missing.||8 (16??)|
|Apr 1917||ALBERT||Training and road and rail repairs. Platoons were reorganized as laid down in SS143 i.e. 1 Rifle section, 1 Lewis Gun section, 1 Bombing Section and 1 Rifle Bombing section per platoon.|
|May 1917||Le MESNIL, CLERY, BILLON||Work on ETRICOURT-YPRES railway. Training in Somme area.|
|Jun 1917||WARDRECQUES, YPRES||Training and in trenches near YPRES.||2||2|
|Jul 1917||WYLDERS, YPRES||Training and in trenches near YPRES.
31st – Battle of Pilckem Ridge (a phase of the of 3rd Battle of YPRES).
Total casualties in the Battle = 26 Killed 113 Wounded 12 Missing
|Aug 1917||YPRES, HERZEEZE||In trenches near YPRES and training at HERZEEZE.||3|
|Sep 1917||YPRES||Training in Pas De Calais area and in trenches near YPRES.||4|
|Oct 1917||HERZEEZE, YPRES, CALAIS||Training at HERZEEZE.
9th – Battle of Poelcappelle (a phase of the 3rd Battle of YPRES) – details of attack not included in war diary.
Training in PAS-DE-CALAIS area
|Nov 1917||CALAIS, BOURLON WOOD||Training near CALAIS. Battalion marched from CALAIS to CAMBRAI area.
26th – Battle of Cambrai (attack on FONTAINE NOTRE DAME) – details of attack not included in war diary.
|Dec 1917||GOUZEAUCOURT, SIMENCOURT||In the trenches near GOUZEAUCOURT and training in ARRAS area.||4|
|Jan 1918||GOUZEAUCOURT||In the trenches near GOUZEAUCOURT and training in ARRAS area.||12||6|
|Feb 1918||ARRAS||In trenches near ARRAS.||8|
|Mar 1918||ARRAS||In trenches near ARRAS.
24th – 28th – First Battle of BAPAUME 1918 (a phase of the German Spring Offensive – Operation Michael)
|Apr 1918||ARRAS||In trenches S. of ARRAS (AYETTE) and training.||9||2|
|May 1918||ARRAS||In trenches S. of ARRAS (AYETTE)||18|
|Jun 1918||ARRAS||In trenches (AYETTE) and training at LA BAZEQUE.
150 men sick with ‘Influenza’.
|Jul 1918||ARRAS||Training at LA BAZEQUE and in trenches near RANSART.
Training American Officers and NCOs in front line.
|Aug 1918||SOMME||In trenches near RANSART.
Training a company from US 320th Regiment (part of US 80th Division).
21st-24th 2nd Battle of BAPAUME (part of 2nd Battle of the Somme 1918) – details of attack not included in war diary.
|Sep 1918||RANSART||3rd – Attack (part of 2nd Battle of the Somme) – light casualties.
In trenches near ST LEGER
27th – Battle of the Canal Du Nord
|Oct 1918||CAMBRAI, ST PYTHON||Training near DOIGNIES.
9th – 11th – Battle of Cambrai 1918
Leapfrogged with other brigades and ended month at ST PYTHON.
|Nov 1918||VILLERS POL, BAVAI (BAVAY), MAUBEUGE||4th – Attack at the River Rhonelle (part of Battle of the Sambre 1918).
7th – 8th Attacks on BAVAY and LONGUEVILLE.
Ended war in MAUBEUGE.
|Dec 1918||BELGIUM, COLOGNE||March across Belgium to Cologne|
|Jan 1919||COLOGNE||Occupation duty in Cologne|
Howard Benson said:
Hello. I’m researching Marshall Westmoreland who died on 27 November 1917, presumably during the fighting around Fontaine Notre Dame. Do you know if the details of the attack not in the war diary are archived somewhere? Marshall received the Military Medal and I’m trying to find the circumstances of his death and the reason why he was given the medal. My email is firstname.lastname@example.org
Hi Howard, maybe try ponsonby’s ‘grenadier guards in the great war’? Link is on the links page. Good luck. Jason